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Great Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation Apply to Ocular Hypertension

 

Patients with ocular hypertension tend to benefit from mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), which has been proven in a recent study to reduce IOP and cortisol levels, as well as increase optic nerve head perfusion and quality of life.

Great Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation Apply to Ocular Hypertension
Image: Mindfulness Meditation | InStyleHealth


A tertiary eye care center in India provided 60 patients with an IOP of between 21- and 30-mm Hg for the study. They were given the option of participating in daily hour-long MBSR meditation sessions for 6 weeks (n=30) or being placed on a waitlist and being followed up on.

 

The primary outcome of the study was the change in IOP after 6 weeks of MBSR meditation. They also looked at blood cortisol levels, diurnal variations in IOP, vascular perfusion and vessel density on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and quality of life as a result of the intervention.

 

Patients who received mindfulness-based stress reduction or MBSR meditation sessions had a substantial reduction in IOP after 6 weeks (from 23.05 to 19.15 mm Hg; p=0.001). Waitlisted patients, on the other hand, had no change in IOP (from 22.55 to 22.37 mm Hg; p=0.107). As a result, the former group's change in IOP was much higher (mean, 3.93 vs 0.17 mm Hg; p=0.001).

 

Furthermore, the diurnal variability of IOP was reduced significantly in the MBSR group (from 4.87 to 2.73 mm Hg; p=0.001) but not in the waitlist group (from 4.50 to 4.30 mm Hg; p=0.227). On OCTA, vascular perfusion, vessel density, and flux index were among the other major changes seen with MBSR.

 

Finally, mindfulness-based stress reduction or MBSR meditation reduced blood cortisol levels significantly (p0.001) and increased quality of life (p=0.001).

 

The data show that mindfulness-based stress reduction meditation could be used as a therapy option for ocular hypertension.

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