Health Updates

E-cigarettes are Linked to an Increased Risk of Erectile Dysfunction

E-cigarettes, also known as electronic nicotine delivery devices or e-cigarettes, appear to be harmful to men, according to a recent study, which claims that their usage increases the risk of erectile dysfunction.

E-cigarettes are Linked to an Increased Risk of Erectile Dysfunction
Image: Man Smoking E-cigarette | InStyleHealth

The fourth wave of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study was employed in this investigation. There were a total of 13,711 adult men between the ages of 20 and 40 in the study. About half of the population (53%) was a former smoker, 21% was a current smoker, and 14% used other tobacco products. The majority of the individuals (87.8%) had never been diagnosed with diabetes or heart disease (CVD; 85.0 percent).

Researchers examined the usage of ENDS and the risk of erectile dysfunction in a large population and a smaller sample (men aged 20–65 with no history of cardiovascular disease).

The overall prevalence of erectile dysfunction was 20.7 percent, while the age-restricted CVD-free sample had a prevalence of 10.2 percent. In the meantime, current ENDS usage was found in 4.8 percent of the complete sample (2.1 percent reported daily use) and 5.6 percent of the limited sample (2.5 percent reported daily use).

In both the full (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.24, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.50–3.34) and restricted (AOR, 2.41, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.55–3.74) samples, multivariable regression analysis revealed that current daily ENDS use was linked to a higher risk of erectile dysfunction than nonuse.

CVD history (AOR, 1.39, 95 percent CI, 1.10–1.77) and age 65 years (vs age 20–24 years; AOR, 17.4, 95 percent CI, 12.15–24.91) were risk factors for erectile dysfunction in the overall sample, but physical activity (AOR range, 0.440.58) was protective in both populations (AOR range, 0.440.58).

While ENDS are still being studied for their potential to reduce harm and help people quit smoking, the findings show that users should be aware of the risk of erectile dysfunction.

Source: Am J Prev Med 2021;10.1016/j.amepre.2021.08.004

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