Eating Fruits and Exercising Can Help Diabetic Patients Live Longer

According to a study, eating fruits and engaging in physical activity or exercising can assist people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) reduce their risk of death from all causes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and stroke.

Eating Fruits and Exercising Can Help Diabetic Patients Live Longer
Photo: Eating Fruits and Exercising Can Help Live Longer | InStyleHealth


Researchers monitored 20,340 T2D patients in the community, ranging in age from 21 to 94 years. They filled out standardized questionnaires about their diets and physical activity levels. Cox regression models were used to examine the relationships between these exposure factors and mortality.

During the 79,844 person-years of follow-up, 1,362 people died. Fruit eating was found to have a protective effect on death risk. Fruit consumption of >42.9 g/d reduced the risk of all-cause mortality by 24% (hazard ratio [HR], 0.76, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.64–0.88), CVD mortality by 31% (HR, 0.69, 95 percent CI, 0.51–0.94), and stroke mortality by 43% (HR, 0.57, 95 percent CI, 0.36–0.89) when compared to non-consumption. Heart disease mortality (HR, 0.93, 95 percent CI, 0.56–1.52) had no such effect (HR, 0.93, 95 percent CI, 0.56–1.52).

Physical activity was shown to have the similar pattern of connections. All-cause mortality (HR, 0.44, 95 percent CI, 0.37–0.53), CVD mortality (HR, 0.46, 95 percent CI, 0.33–0.64), stroke mortality (HR, 0.46, 95 percent CI, 0.29–0.74), and heart disease mortality (HR, 0.51, 95 percent CI, 0.29–0.88) were inversely associated with the top vs bottom physical activity quartile.

The risk of all-cause mortality was reduced by about 24% when eating 80 grams of fruit per day. Furthermore, a risk reduction was detected at an 8 metabolic equivalents (MET) h/day physical activity threshold, after which the risk of mortality did not reduce.

 

Source: Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2021;doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2021.10.024

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