Smoking Spells Trouble for Patients with Fibromyalgia, Study Reveals

A study has revealed that tobacco use spells trouble for patients with fibromyalgia, contributing to greater pain and increased severity of other symptoms.

Photo: Smoking Problem | InStyleHealth


There were total of 1,068 adult patients with average age of 46.6 years old, where 87% are female, 87.9% Caucasian. Current tobacco users were more likely to be younger, male, and have lower body mass index or BMI than former and never users.

Average Widespread Pain Index or WPI score was 13.2 among the current users, 12.4 among former users, and 12.0 among never users. Corresponding mean Symptom Severity Scale scores were 9.5, 9.0 and 8.9 respectively.

Using the multiple linear regression analyses, it showed that compared with the never-use group, the current-use group had significantly greater WPI and SSS scores.

WPI score had a negative correlation with age, and non-use of opioid. Meanwhile, the score was positively correlated with BMI and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score.

Current data may have important implications, such that fibromyalgia patients who use tobacco may benefit from early identification and timely quitting with the aim of bringing down pain and improving overall quality of life or QOL.

 

Source: Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes 2021;doi:10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2021.03.008

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