Physical Activity and Sedentary Time Crucial for Weight Management In Patients with Diabetes, Study Finds

According to a new study in Japan which suggests that both physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) need to be taken into account when managing body weight among patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D).


Photo: Sedentary Lifestyle | InStyleHealth


Study included 236 T2D patients who were classified into three according to daily walking steps: non-step counter user (NU), <7,500 steps (LS), or >7,500 steps (HS). Sedentary time (ST) was projected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form. Results included differences in body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and visceral fat accumulation (VFA) over the 12-month period.


The Wilcoxon’s signed-rank tests indicate that glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels significantly exacerbated in the NU group with long ST after 6 and 12 months. The twelve-month BMI, on the other hand, improved in HS group regardless of ST length; while those with HS daily also exhibited better WC at 12 months vs the baseline.


Using the multivariable analysis, it followed that the LS and HS groups were nearly twice as likely as their NU counterparts to see improvements in HbA1c. The same holds true for both LS and HS with regards to the Body Mass Index (BMI). Both groups also noticed significantly higher probability of improvement in waist circumference (WC) and visceral fat accumulation (VFA). All results were compared with the NU group and adjusted for the sedentary time (ST) as a continuous variable.


The study further noted that the beneficial effects of walking on body weight and composition was more evident among those with long sedentary time (ST). For more details regarding this study, click here.

 

Source: J Diabetes Investig 2021;doi:10.1111/jdi.13527

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