Eating Ultra-processed Foods Regularly at Greater Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Study Reveals

According to a study that people who eat ultra-processed foods regularly are at a greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality.

Photo: Eating Ultra-Processed Foods | InStyleHealth


Study involved 3,033 adults free from CVD with valid dietary data at baseline were subjected in the analysis. Researchers collected data on diet, measured by food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric measures, and sociodemographic and lifestyle factors quadrennially from 1991 to 2008. Data on CVD occurrence and mortality were available until 2014 and 2017, correspondingly.

Ultra-processed foods were described according to the NOVA framework. Utilizing the Cox proportional hazards models to determine the multivariable correlation between ultra-processed food intake, energy-adjusted servings per day, and incident hard CVD, hard coronary heart disease (CHD), overall CVD, and CVD mortality. Multivariable models were adjusted for age, gender, education, alcohol consumption, smoking, and physical activity.

Through follow-up, 251 cases of incident hard CVD were discovered, as well as 163 hard CHD and 648 overall CVD cases. Participants consumed an average of 7.5 servings per of ultra-processed foods, at baseline. Each additional daily serving of ultra-processed foods associated with a 7% increase in the risk of hard CVD, 9% risk of hard CHD, 5% greater risk of overall CVD, and 9% increased risk of CVD mortality.

Researchers stated that, “Although additional research in ethically diverse populations is warranted, these findings suggest cardiovascular benefits of limiting ultra-processed.”

Ultra-processed foods, in the US, provide 58% of total energy in their regular diet.

For complete details of the study, you may click here.

 

Source: J Am Coll Cardiol 2021;77:1520-1531

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