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Neck Circumference Helps in Metabolic Syndrome Detection in Adults, Study Suggests

Recent study suggests that neck circumference helps in the detection of metabolic syndrome in adults.

Photo: Neck Circumference | InStyleHealth

According to the study, which was conducted in Iran, included 1,619 participants recruited through clustered random sampling. Logistic regression was employed to facilitate the correlations between neck circumference and metabolic syndrome and its components.

There were 433 participants found to have metabolic syndrome. Neck circumference showed significant correlation with central obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, impaired fasting glucose, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level, and metabolic syndrome.

In reference to Youden Index, the ideal cutoff points of neck circumference for diagnosing metabolic syndrome were 36 cm for women and 42 cm for men. The sensitivity of these values differed by gender, such that the cutoff point for women had greater sensitivity compared with that for men (70.6 percent vs 55.9 percent respectively).

Current data suggest that neck circumference can be offered as a new index in screening and diagnosis for metabolic syndrome as well as in the evaluation of cardiometabolic risk factors.

In comparison with the waist circumference, the neck circumference has stronger points. First, measuring the neck circumference is quite easy and accessible, which is just above the cricoid cartilage and perpendicular to the long axis of the neck. Additionally, there is no need to make multiple measurements for its accuracy. For further details of this research, click here.

Source: Prim Care Diabetes 2021;doi:10.1016/j.pcd.2021.02.002

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