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Poor Nutrition During Your Midlife Increases Risk of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D)

Recent study suggests that having a poor diet in your midlife only increases the risk of developing a type 2 diabetes or T2D. 

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The said study involved 2,818 volunteers, of whom, at baseline, 674 were classified as young (age range: 20-24 years), 1,018 were in midlife (age range: 40-44 years), and 1,126 were in late life (age range: 60-64 years). Self-reported dietary habits were assessed and diabetes incidence was examined over 12 years of follow-up.

Based on the linear modeling, it was found out that dietary patterns, physical activity, and body mass index or BMI differ across age groups. The youngest participant, for instance, adhered significantly more to a western diet, characterized by an abundance of sugary, fatty, and processed foods compared with the midlife group. However, they were less likely to have a prudent diet rich in lean meat, fish, unprocessed grains, fruits and vegetables.

On the other hand, those in the late-life group were more likely to keep a prudent diet, have lower BMI, and be more physically active than those in the midlife group.

Western dietary pattern was found to be significantly correlated, based on unadjusted analyses, with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) particularly among midlife participants, while a prudent diet was deemed protective.

The researchers said that, “Although protective effects did not reach significance, higher Prudent dietary intake was consistently [associated] with lower T2D incidence across all cohorts.”

“This could possibly be because, regardless of digestive or metabolic efficiency, properties such as high dietary fiber or low refined carbohydrate availability invariably result in lower postprandial blood glucose than foods typical in the Western dietary pattern,” researchers commented.

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